What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and what are its reasons? Essay
What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and what are its reasons?, 492 words essay example
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is something that many of us have heard of before but do not know the main details of, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, commonly known as PTSD, is a serious disorder and is very complex and it can effect variety of people. We may associate PTSD with images of a soldiers returning home from war, where they have experienced many terrifying and traumatic events, although that is not the case. PTSD can be a result of physical abuse, sexual abuse, an accident, natural disaster, or other traumatic life event. I will describe key aspects of PTSD and incorporate examples that will help to expand this information pertaining to this discussion. As we all know PTSD affects more people than one would think, so it is important for us to have better knowledge, so we can learn better ways to cope with and treat it.
2. Description of PTSD
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a psychological disorder, with the signs and symptoms being psychological in origin. First, I think it is very important that we have a clear definition of what PTSD is. Getzfeld & Schwartz (2012) defined PTSD as, ""An anxiety disorder that typically occurs after being exposed to a traumatic event such as war or violence warning signs consist of anxiety, the avoidance of stimuli linked with the trauma, flashbacks in which the traumatic event is relived mentally, and a "numbing" of emotional responses" (Getzfeld & Schwartz, 2012). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder can be the direct result of physical or sexual abuse, or a singular event, such as rape. People commonly think that PTSD is most common among soldiers, however it is also very common among individuals that have experienced a natural disaster, a car accident, or any other traumatic event.
3. Treatment options
PTSD can be treated with various types of therapies. First, trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy includes exposing yourself to thoughts, feelings, and situations of the specific traumatic event. This therapy encompasses recognizing thoughts about the traumatic event primarily on distorted thoughts. Next is family therapy, relatives and understand and recognize what you're going through. This will help the family's work through these issues and connect better. Medication is occasionally suggested to people with PTSD to get rid of subordinate symptoms of depression or anxiety. In spite of the fact that antidepressants may help you feel less sad, anxious, or on edge, they do not treat the causes of PTSD. Lastly is EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) consists of essentials of cognitive-behavioral therapy with eye movements or other forms of rhythmic stimulation. These work by relaxing the brain's information processing system, which is disturbed in extreme trauma events.
As stated in this article's explanations of causes behind PTSD, we clarify that the main cause is reference to a traumatic event that causes severe emotional damage. Anxiety and depression seem to be the two main symptoms of PTSD, even though these symptoms of PTSD can be treated with medication, the actual cause for PTSD cannot.